Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Longest Word in any Language of the World Literature – Guinness World Record

Longest Word in any Language of the World Literature – Guinness World Record
The Guinness World Record for the longest word used in any language in the world literature is a Sanskrit compound word composed of 195 Sanskrit characters. This transliterates into more than 400 letters in the roman alphabets used by the English language. It is the longest word to ever appear in any worldwide literature.āt
Longest Word used in World Literature
 
 
Source of the world’s longest word
This word is from the Sanskrit Literary work “Varadambika Parinaya Champu” of Tirumalamba which dates back to 16th Century. Tirumalamba wrote this book describing the marriage of the king who ruled the Vijayanagar Empire then, Emperor Achyuta Deva Raya. She lived in the Vijayanagar Empire which is in modern day Karnataka State of India.
Contents and meaning of the world’s longest word
 निरन्तरान्धकारितादिगन्तरकन्दलदमन्दसुधारसबिन्दुसान्द्रतरघनाघनवृन्दसन्देहकरस्यन्दमान
मकरन्दबिन्दुबन्धुरतरमाकन्दतरुकुलतल्पकल्पमृदुलसिकताजालजटिलमूलतलमरुवकमिलद
लघुलघुलयकलितरमणीयपानीयशालिकाबालिकाकरारविन्दगलन्तिकागलदेलालवङ्गपाटलघ
नसारकस्तूरिकातिसौरभमेदुरलघुतरमधुरशीतलतरसलिलधारानिराकरिष्णुतदीयविमलविलो
चनमयूखरेखापसारितपिपासायासपथिकलोकान्

Below is the English transliteration of this word
 nirantarāndhakāritādigantarakandaladamandasudhārasabindusāndrataragh
anāghanavr̥ndasandehakarasyandamānamakarandabindubandhurataramā
kandatarukulatalpakalpamr̥dulasikatājālajaṭilamūlatalamaruvakamiladalagh
ulaghulayakalitaramaṇīyapānīyaśālikābālikākarāravindagalantikāgaladelāla
vaṅgapāṭalaghanasārakastūrikātisaurabhameduralaghutaramadhuraśītalat
arasaliladhārānirākariṣṇutadīyavimalavilocanamayūkharekhāpasāritapipāsā
yāsapathikalokān

The approximate meaning of this word is
In it, the distress, caused by thirst, to travellers, was alleviated by clusters of rays of the bright eyes of the girls; the rays that were shaming the currents of light, sweet and cold water charged with the strong fragrance of cardamom, clove, saffron, camphor and musk and flowing out of the pitchers (held in) the lotus-like hands of maidens (seated in) the beautiful water-sheds, made of the thick roots of vetiver mixed with marjoram, (and built near) the foot, covered with heaps of couch-like soft sand, of the clusters of newly sprouting mango trees, which constantly darkened the intermediate space of the quarters, and which looked all the more charming on account of the trickling drops of the floral juice, which thus caused the delusion of a row of thick rainy clouds, densely filled with abundant nectar
Bonus: Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta in Andhra Pradesh, India is one of the Top 10 longest place names in the world. It is the 6th or 7th longest place name in the world depending on whether you prefix it with a Sri or not.
References:
Guinness World Record for Longest Word in Literature