Wednesday, March 11, 2015

THE BHARAT SAVITRI -Realization of Vyas-Dwapayana Krishna(Not Lord Krishna)

'THE BHARAT SAVITRI (भारत सावित्री) : 

==== Realization of Bhagavan Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa ====

Introduction :

[Extracted from Kisari Mohan Ganguli's translation of Mahabharat]

Sauti said:...The high race of the Bharatas is its topic. Hence it is called Bharata. And because of its  grave import, as also of the Bharatas being its topic, it is called Mahabharata. He who is  versed in interpretations of this great treatise, becomes cleansed of every sin. Such a man lives in righteousness (dharma), wealth (artha), and pleasure (kAma), and attains to Emancipation (moksha) also, O chief of Bharatas race.

That which occurs here occurs elsewhere. That which does not occur here occurs nowhere else. This history is known by the name of Jaya. It should be heard by every one desirous of Emancipation (moksha). It should be read by Brahmanas, by kings, and by women quick with children. He that desires Heaven attains to Heaven; and he that desires victory attains to victory. The woman quick with child gets either a son or a daughter highly blessed. The puissant Island-born Krishna (veda-vyAsa), who will not have to come back, and who is Emancipation incarnate, made an abstract of the Bharata, moved by the desire of aiding the cause of righteousness. He made another compilation consisting of sixty lakhs of verses. Thirty lakhs of these were placed in the region of the deities(deva loka). In the region of the Pitris fifteen lakhs, it should be known, are current; while in that of the Yakshas fourteen lakhs are in vogue. One lakh is current among human beings.

Narada recited the Mahabharata to the gods; Asita-Devala to the Pitris; Suka to the Rakshasas and the Yakshas; and Vaishampayana to human beings. This history is sacred, and of high import, and regarded as equal to the Vedas. That man, O Saunaka, who hears this history, placing a Brahmana before him, acquires both fame and the fruition of all his wishes. He who, with fervid devotion, listens to a recitation of the Mahabharata, attains (hereafter) to high success in consequence of the merit that becomes his through understanding even a very small portion thereof. All the sins of that man who recites or listens to this history with devotion are washed off.

In former times, the great Rishi Vyasa, having composed this treatise, caused his son Suka to read it with him, along with these four Verses (Bharata SavitrI).  
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Vyasa, at the very end of Mahabharata conveys the essence of Mahabharata, in a set of verses that are known as Bharata Savitri. Just as Gayatri is the essence of the Vedas, Savitri is of the Mahabharata. 

These 4 verses composed by Vyasa are found in the end of the epic Mahabarata as well as Harivamsam which is an annexure to the great epic Mahabharata. These are supposed to be the moral (essence) of the great epic Mahabharata. There is another version containing 100 stotras which are mainly a discussion between Lord Krishna and King Duryodhana. These 4 verses are also included in that collection. 
_________________________________________ 

भारत सावित्री :

(महाभारत, स्वर्गारोहणपर्व, अध्याय (खिला) ५, श्लोक ४७-५४) 

मातापितृसहस्राणि पुत्रदारशतानि च | 
संसारेष्वनुभूतानि यान्ति यास्यन्ति चापरे || 

" Thousands of mothers and fathers, and hundreds of sons and wives arise in the world and depart from it. Others will (arise and) similarly depart "

हर्षस्थानसहस्राणि भयस्थानशतानि च | 
दिवसे दिवसे मूढमाविशन्ति न पण्डितम् ||   

" There are thousands of occasions for joy and hundreds of occasions for fear. These affect only him that is ignorant but never him that is wise. "

ऊर्ध्वबाहुम्विरौम्येश न च कश्चित् शृणोति मे | 
धर्मादर्थश्च कामश्च स धर्म किं न सेव्यते || 

" With uplifted arms I am crying aloud but nobody hears me. From Dharma is Artha as also Kaama. Why should not Dharma, therefore, be followed ? "

न जातु कामान् न भयान् न लोभात्ध र्मं  त्यजेज्जीवितस्यापि  हेतो: |
नित्यो धर्म: सुखदुखो त्वनित्ये जीवो नित्यो हेतुरस्य त्वनित्य: ||   

" For the sake neither of pleasure, nor of fear, nor of cupidity should any one cast off Dharma. Indeed, for the sake of even life one should not cast off Dharma. Dharma is eternal. Pleasure and Pain are not eternal. Jiva is eternal. The cause, however, of Jiva’s being invested with a body is not so. "   

फलश्रुति (Result of listening / reading) :

इमां भारत सावित्रीं परातर उत्थाय यः पठेत |
स भारत फलं पराप्य परं बरह्माधिगच्छति ||  

" That man who, waking up at dawn, reads this Savitri of the Bharata, acquires all the rewards attached to a recitation of this history and ultimately attains to the highest Brahman. "  

यथा समुद्रॊ भगवान यथा च हिमवान गिरिः |
खयाताव उभौ रत्ननिधी तथा भारतम उच्यते ||

" As the sacred Ocean, as the Himavat mountain, are both regarded as mines of precious gems, even so is this Bharata (regarded as a mine of precious gems). " 

महाभारतम आख्यानं यः पठेत सुसमाहितः |
स गच्छेत परमां सिद्धिम इति मे नास्ति संशयः || 

" The man of learning, by reciting to others this Veda or Agama composed by (Dwaipayana) Krishna, earns wealth. There is no doubt in this that he who, with rapt attention, recites this history called Bharata, attains to high success. "  

दवैपायनॊष्ठपुटनिःसृतम अप्रमेयं; पुण्यं पवित्रम अथ पापहरं शिवं च |
यॊ भारतं समधिगच्छति वाच्यमानं; किं तस्य पुष्करजलैर अभिषेचनेन || 

" What need has that man of a sprinkling of the waters of Pushkara who attentively listens to this Bharata, while it is recited to him ? It represents the nectar that fell from the lips of the Dwaipayana (island-born). It is immeasurable, sacred, sanctifying, sin-cleansing, and auspicious. "

जय श्री हरि !!'THE BHARAT SAVITRI (भारत सावित्री) :
==== Realization of Bhagavan Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa ====
Introduction :
[Extracted from Kisari Mohan Ganguli's translation of Mahabharat]
Sauti said:...The high race of the Bharatas is its topic. Hence it is called Bharata. And because of its grave import, as also of the Bharatas being its topic, it is called Mahabharata. He who is versed in interpretations of this great treatise, becomes cleansed of every sin. Such a man lives in righteousness (dharma), wealth (artha), and pleasure (kAma), and attains to Emancipation (moksha) also, O chief of Bharatas race.

That which occurs here occurs elsewhere. That which does not occur here occurs nowhere else. This history is known by the name of Jaya. It should be heard by every one desirous of Emancipation (moksha). It should be read by Brahmanas, by kings, and by women quick with children. He that desires Heaven attains to Heaven; and he that desires victory attains to victory. The woman quick with child gets either a son or a daughter highly blessed. The puissant Island-born Krishna (veda-vyAsa), who will not have to come back, and who is Emancipation incarnate, made an abstract of the Bharata, moved by the desire of aiding the cause of righteousness. He made another compilation consisting of sixty lakhs of verses. Thirty lakhs of these were placed in the region of the deities(deva loka). In the region of the Pitris fifteen lakhs, it should be known, are current; while in that of the Yakshas fourteen lakhs are in vogue. One lakh is current among human beings.
Narada recited the Mahabharata to the gods; Asita-Devala to the Pitris; Suka to the Rakshasas and the Yakshas; and Vaishampayana to human beings. This history is sacred, and of high import, and regarded as equal to the Vedas. That man, O Saunaka, who hears this history, placing a Brahmana before him, acquires both fame and the fruition of all his wishes. He who, with fervid devotion, listens to a recitation of the Mahabharata, attains (hereafter) to high success in consequence of the merit that becomes his through understanding even a very small portion thereof. All the sins of that man who recites or listens to this history with devotion are washed off.
In former times, the great Rishi Vyasa, having composed this treatise, caused his son Suka to read it with him, along with these four Verses (Bharata SavitrI).
__________________________________________
Vyasa, at the very end of Mahabharata conveys the essence of Mahabharata, in a set of verses that are known as Bharata Savitri. Just as Gayatri is the essence of the Vedas, Savitri is of the Mahabharata.
These 4 verses composed by Vyasa are found in the end of the epic Mahabarata as well as Harivamsam which is an annexure to the great epic Mahabharata. These are supposed to be the moral (essence) of the great epic Mahabharata. There is another version containing 100 stotras which are mainly a discussion between Lord Krishna and King Duryodhana. These 4 verses are also included in that collection.
_________________________________________
भारत सावित्री :
(महाभारत, स्वर्गारोहणपर्व, अध्याय (खिला) ५, श्लोक ४७-५४)
मातापितृसहस्राणि पुत्रदारशतानि च |
संसारेष्वनुभूतानि यान्ति यास्यन्ति चापरे ||
" Thousands of mothers and fathers, and hundreds of sons and wives arise in the world and depart from it. Others will (arise and) similarly depart "
हर्षस्थानसहस्राणि भयस्थानशतानि च |
दिवसे दिवसे मूढमाविशन्ति न पण्डितम् ||
" There are thousands of occasions for joy and hundreds of occasions for fear. These affect only him that is ignorant but never him that is wise. "
ऊर्ध्वबाहुम्विरौम्येश न च कश्चित् शृणोति मे |
धर्मादर्थश्च कामश्च स धर्म किं न सेव्यते ||
" With uplifted arms I am crying aloud but nobody hears me. From Dharma is Artha as also Kaama. Why should not Dharma, therefore, be followed ? "
न जातु कामान् न भयान् न लोभात्ध र्मं त्यजेज्जीवितस्यापि हेतो: |
नित्यो धर्म: सुखदुखो त्वनित्ये जीवो नित्यो हेतुरस्य त्वनित्य: ||
" For the sake neither of pleasure, nor of fear, nor of cupidity should any one cast off Dharma. Indeed, for the sake of even life one should not cast off Dharma. Dharma is eternal. Pleasure and Pain are not eternal. Jiva is eternal. The cause, however, of Jiva’s being invested with a body is not so. "
फलश्रुति (Result of listening / reading) :
इमां भारत सावित्रीं परातर उत्थाय यः पठेत |
स भारत फलं पराप्य परं बरह्माधिगच्छति ||
" That man who, waking up at dawn, reads this Savitri of the Bharata, acquires all the rewards attached to a recitation of this history and ultimately attains to the highest Brahman. "
यथा समुद्रॊ भगवान यथा च हिमवान गिरिः |
खयाताव उभौ रत्ननिधी तथा भारतम उच्यते ||
" As the sacred Ocean, as the Himavat mountain, are both regarded as mines of precious gems, even so is this Bharata (regarded as a mine of precious gems). "
महाभारतम आख्यानं यः पठेत सुसमाहितः |
स गच्छेत परमां सिद्धिम इति मे नास्ति संशयः ||
" The man of learning, by reciting to others this Veda or Agama composed by (Dwaipayana) Krishna, earns wealth. There is no doubt in this that he who, with rapt attention, recites this history called Bharata, attains to high success. "
दवैपायनॊष्ठपुटनिःसृतम अप्रमेयं; पुण्यं पवित्रम अथ पापहरं शिवं च |
यॊ भारतं समधिगच्छति वाच्यमानं; किं तस्य पुष्करजलैर अभिषेचनेन ||
" What need has that man of a sprinkling of the waters of Pushkara who attentively listens to this Bharata, while it is recited to him ? It represents the nectar that fell from the lips of the Dwaipayana (island-born). It is immeasurable, sacred, sanctifying, sin-cleansing, and auspicious. "
जय श्री हरि !!