Wednesday, March 11, 2015

HINDU SCRIPTURES QUOTES

'Quote from scriptures : 

====================== Acharya ======================

उपनीय तु यः शिष्यं वेदमध्यापयेद्द्विजः । 
सकल्पं सरहस्यं च तमाचार्यं प्रचक्षते ।।  

~ मनुस्मृति २.१४० 

" A Brahmana who having performed the Upanayanam of his pupil, teaches him the Vedas with all its mysteries and Kalpas is said to be an Acharya unto that pupil. "  

आचिनोति च शास्त्रार्थान् आचारे स्थापयत्यपि ।
स्वयम् आचरते यस्मात् तस्मादाचार्य उच्यते ॥   

~ याज्ञवल्क्य स्मृति   

" He is known as an Acharya who acquires the supreme knowledge by the study of sacred texts, who by the way of imparting the same to others makes them adopt the religious life as laid down by the Shastra, and he himself strictly follows the same. "   

Knowledge gained by mere study of scriptures cannot serve the purpose of being instructed by an Acharya :

" श्रुतँह्येव मे भगवद्दृशेभ्य आचार्याद्धैव विद्या विदिता साधिष्ठं प्रापतीति " 

~ छान्दोग्य उपनिषद ४.९.३   

" For I have heard from persons like you that it is only such knowledge as is learnt from the Acharya, that is the best. " 

तद्विद्धि प्रणिपातेन परिप्रश्नेन सेवया ।
उपदेक्ष्यन्ति ते ज्ञानं ज्ञानिनस्तत्वदर्शिनः ॥  

~ गीता ४.३४ 

" Know that (knowledge), by prostrating yourself, by questions, and by service; the wise, those who have realised the Truth, will instruct you in that knowledge. "  

" तद्विज्ञानार्थं स गुरुमेवाभिगच्छेत् समित्पाणिः श्रोत्रियं ब्रह्मनिष्ठम् " 

~ मुण्डक उपनिषद् १.२.१२  

" For knowing that Reality he should go, with sacrificial faggots in hand, only to a teacher who is versed in the Vedas and is absorbed in Brahman. "  

न नरेणावरेण प्रोक्त एष सुविज्ञेयो बहुधा चिन्त्यमानः। 
अनन्यप्रोक्ते गतिरत्र नास्ति अणीयान् ह्यतर्क्यमणुप्रमाणात् ॥ 

~ कठोपनिषद् १.२.८

" This Atman now explained cannot easily be known if taught by a person of inferior intellect being variously regarded. When it is taught by a preceptor, one with the Brahman, there is no further travel, his being subtler than the subtle and not arguable. "

नैषा तर्केण मतिरापनेया प्रोक्तान्येनैव सुज्ञानाय प्रेष्ठ । 
यां त्वमापः सत्यधृतिर्बतासि त्वादृङ्नो भूयान्नचिकेतः प्रष्टा ॥

~ कठोपनिषद् १.२.९ 

" This idea cannot be reached by mere reasoning.This idea, O dearest, leads to sound knowledge, only if taught by another. " 

अक्षेत्रवित क्षेत्रविदं हयप्राट स परैतिक्षेत्रविदानुशिष्टः | 
एतद वै भद्रमनुशासनोस्योतस्रुतिं विन्दत्यञ्जसीनाम ||  

~ ऋग्वेद १०.३२.७ 

" One not knowing a land asks of one who knows it, he goes forward being instructed by the knowing one. Such, indeed, is the blessing of instruction, one finds a path that leads him straight onward."

सत्यं वद । धर्मं चर। स्वाध्यायान्मा प्रमदः। ……………. मातृदेवो भव। पितृदेवो भव। आचार्यदेवो भव । 

~ तैत्तिरीय उपनिषद् १.११.२ 

― " Speak the truth. Abide by your dharma. Never be idle in your studies.  Let your father be to you like unto a God ! Let your Acharya be to you like unto a God ! "  

{Note : ' Kalpa ' means the branch of Vaidik literature which deals with ceremonials and the celebration of religious sacrifices. 

' Rahasyam ' : (lit. mysteries) is the transcendental truths inculcated in the Upanishads.

~ Kulluka Bhatt }  

An Acharya is different from an Upadhyaya :
 
एकदेशं तु वेदस्य वेदाङ्गान्यपि वा पुनः । 
योऽध्यापयति वृत्त्यर्थमुपाध्यायः स उच्यते ॥

~ मनुस्मृति २.१४१ 

" A Brahmana, who, in consideration of fees, teaches a portion of the Vedas and any of the Vedangas to a pupil is said to be the Upadhyaya of the latter. "  

The Vishnu dharma points out that a person may be a sinner of the worst kind or one may be the most meritorious but both of them would achieve moksha only through the guidance from Acharya. 

" Om Shanti Shanti Shanti "'उपनीय तु यः शिष्यं वेदमध्यापयेद्द्विजः ।
सकल्पं सरहस्यं च तमाचार्यं प्रचक्षते ।।
~ मनुस्मृति २.१४०
" A Brahmana who having performed the Upanayanam of his pupil, teaches him the Vedas with all its mysteries and Kalpas is said to be an Acharya unto that pupil. "
आचिनोति च शास्त्रार्थान् आचारे स्थापयत्यपि ।
स्वयम् आचरते यस्मात् तस्मादाचार्य उच्यते ॥
~ याज्ञवल्क्य स्मृति
" He is known as an Acharya who acquires the supreme knowledge by the study of sacred texts, who by the way of imparting the same to others makes them adopt the religious life as laid down by the Shastra, and he himself strictly follows the same. "
Knowledge gained by mere study of scriptures cannot serve the purpose of being instructed by an Acharya :

" श्रुतँह्येव मे भगवद्दृशेभ्य आचार्याद्धैव विद्या विदिता साधिष्ठं प्रापतीति "
~ छान्दोग्य उपनिषद ४.९.३
" For I have heard from persons like you that it is only such knowledge as is learnt from the Acharya, that is the best. "
तद्विद्धि प्रणिपातेन परिप्रश्नेन सेवया ।
उपदेक्ष्यन्ति ते ज्ञानं ज्ञानिनस्तत्वदर्शिनः ॥
~ गीता ४.३४
" Know that (knowledge), by prostrating yourself, by questions, and by service; the wise, those who have realised the Truth, will instruct you in that knowledge. "
" तद्विज्ञानार्थं स गुरुमेवाभिगच्छेत् समित्पाणिः श्रोत्रियं ब्रह्मनिष्ठम् "
~ मुण्डक उपनिषद् १.२.१२
" For knowing that Reality he should go, with sacrificial faggots in hand, only to a teacher who is versed in the Vedas and is absorbed in Brahman. "
न नरेणावरेण प्रोक्त एष सुविज्ञेयो बहुधा चिन्त्यमानः।
अनन्यप्रोक्ते गतिरत्र नास्ति अणीयान् ह्यतर्क्यमणुप्रमाणात् ॥
~ कठोपनिषद् १.२.८
" This Atman now explained cannot easily be known if taught by a person of inferior intellect being variously regarded. When it is taught by a preceptor, one with the Brahman, there is no further travel, his being subtler than the subtle and not arguable. "
नैषा तर्केण मतिरापनेया प्रोक्तान्येनैव सुज्ञानाय प्रेष्ठ ।
यां त्वमापः सत्यधृतिर्बतासि त्वादृङ्नो भूयान्नचिकेतः प्रष्टा ॥
~ कठोपनिषद् १.२.९
" This idea cannot be reached by mere reasoning.This idea, O dearest, leads to sound knowledge, only if taught by another. "
अक्षेत्रवित क्षेत्रविदं हयप्राट स परैतिक्षेत्रविदानुशिष्टः |
एतद वै भद्रमनुशासनोस्योतस्रुतिं विन्दत्यञ्जसीनाम ||
~ ऋग्वेद १०.३२.७
" One not knowing a land asks of one who knows it, he goes forward being instructed by the knowing one. Such, indeed, is the blessing of instruction, one finds a path that leads him straight onward."
सत्यं वद । धर्मं चर। स्वाध्यायान्मा प्रमदः। ……………. मातृदेवो भव। पितृदेवो भव। आचार्यदेवो भव ।
~ तैत्तिरीय उपनिषद् १.११.२
― " Speak the truth. Abide by your dharma. Never be idle in your studies. Let your father be to you like unto a God ! Let your Acharya be to you like unto a God ! "
{Note : ' Kalpa ' means the branch of Vaidik literature which deals with ceremonials and the celebration of religious sacrifices.
' Rahasyam ' : (lit. mysteries) is the transcendental truths inculcated in the Upanishads.
~ Kulluka Bhatt }
An Acharya is different from an Upadhyaya :
एकदेशं तु वेदस्य वेदाङ्गान्यपि वा पुनः ।
योऽध्यापयति वृत्त्यर्थमुपाध्यायः स उच्यते ॥
~ मनुस्मृति २.१४१
" A Brahmana, who, in consideration of fees, teaches a portion of the Vedas and any of the Vedangas to a pupil is said to be the Upadhyaya of the latter. "
The Vishnu dharma points out that a person may be a sinner of the worst kind or one may be the most meritorious but both of them would achieve moksha only through the guidance from Acharya.