Sunday, November 30, 2014

CONCEPT OF TIME IN VEDAS :

Photo: KALA , THE TIME ( Atharva Ved 19.53-54) :  

=========== Concept Of Time In Ved ===========

There are six suktas dealing with time or Kala. The sages knew the distinction between the methods of marking time and the abstract concept of time itself. The seasons mark the passage of time. 

But the Atharva Vedic sages declare in the hymns (19.53) and (19.54) that time is an abstract entity which causes all the dynamics seen in the universe. 

Atharva Ved 19.53.6 declares that time created earth, the sun burns in time, all existences are defined in time. 

Atharva Ved 19.53.7 declares that the concept of mind exists in time only because we know the mind by the changes in our thoughts etc and all changing entities exist in time only.   


ATHARVA VED 19.53 
Time (Kala)

" Time drives (as) a steed with seven reins (rays), thousand-eyed, unageing, of abundant seed. Him mount the poets that know holy hymns; his wheels are all worlds (or beings). "

[ Note : Steed with seven reins : Time is compared here with the Sun and its seven rays]

" This Time drives seven wheels; seven are his naves, his axle is immortality. He, adorning (anointing) all these worlds, he, Time, moves on as foremost Deity. "  

[ Note : Time drives seven wheels : Time operates past, present and future and also the four directions.]

"A full vessel (of wealth) is set upon Time; we see him, verily, though he is in many forms; he faces towards all these worlds; they say that he, Time, is in the highest space. "

" He alone assembled the worlds (or, beings); he alone encompassed the worlds (beings). Though their father, he became their son; than him there is no other majesty higher. "

" Time created farthest space, Time also these realms of earth; impelled by Time, what has been and what is to be take their several positions."

" Time created lordship, in Time the sun shines; in Time are all beings; in Time the eye looks abroad to different things. "

" In Time is thought, in Time Prana (life-breath), in Time name [as that which does not leave man at death] is concentrated. All creatures here rejoice in Time when it arrives. "

" In Time is the sacred ardour [tapas], in Time the Supreme, in Time the Divine knowledge (Brahman) is comprehended. Time is the lord of all, he who was the father of the Lord of Creatures, Prajapati. "

" By him it was sent forth, by him it was born, on him it is founded truly Time,having become the divine knowledge (Brahman) , supports Him that is in the Highest. "

" Time created creatures, Time (created) the Lord of Creatures in the beginning; from Time the self-existent Kashyapa, from Time sacred ardour [tapas] was born. "



ATHARVA VED 19.54 :

" From Time originated the (cosmic) waters, from Time the Divine knowledge (Brahman), sacred ardour (tapas), the directions (of space); by Time the sun rises, in Time it goes to rest again. "

" By Time the wind blows purifying, by Time the great earth (exists), in Time the great sky is set. Time, (who was their) son, begot of old what has been and what is to be. "

" From Time the stanzas- (of the Rig Ved) originated, from Time the formula (of the Yajur Ved) was born. Time set in motion the sacrifice, (as) an inexhaustible portion for the Deities. "

" In Time the Gandharvas and Apsarases (are established), in Time the worlds are established. Upon Time this divine Angiras and Atharvan both stand. "

" Having conquered by the divine knowledge both this world and the supreme (heavenly) world, both the holy worlds and (their) holy separating divisions, (in short) all the worlds, this Time, the highest Deity, marches on. "


"Om Shanti Shanti Shanti"CONCEPT OF TIME IN VEDAS :
KALA , THE TIME ( Atharva Ved 19.53-54) :

=========== Concept Of Time In Ved ===========

There are six suktas dealing with time or Kala. The sages knew the distinction between the methods of marking time and the abstract concept of time itself. The seasons mark the passage of time.

But the Atharva Vedic sages declare in the hymns (19.53) and (19.54) that time is an abstract entity which causes all the dynamics seen in the universe.

Atharva Ved 19.53.6 declares that time created earth, the sun burns in time, all existences are defined in time.

Atharva Ved 19.53.7 declares that the concept of mind exists in time only because we know the mind by the changes in our thoughts etc and all changing entities exist in time only.


ATHARVA VED 19.53
Time (Kala)

" Time drives (as) a steed with seven reins (rays), thousand-eyed, unageing, of abundant seed. Him mount the poets that know holy hymns; his wheels are all worlds (or beings). "

[ Note : Steed with seven reins : Time is compared here with the Sun and its seven rays]

" This Time drives seven wheels; seven are his naves, his axle is immortality. He, adorning (anointing) all these worlds, he, Time, moves on as foremost Deity. "

[ Note : Time drives seven wheels : Time operates past, present and future and also the four directions.]

"A full vessel (of wealth) is set upon Time; we see him, verily, though he is in many forms; he faces towards all these worlds; they say that he, Time, is in the highest space. "

" He alone assembled the worlds (or, beings); he alone encompassed the worlds (beings). Though their father, he became their son; than him there is no other majesty higher. "

" Time created farthest space, Time also these realms of earth; impelled by Time, what has been and what is to be take their several positions."

" Time created lordship, in Time the sun shines; in Time are all beings; in Time the eye looks abroad to different things. "

" In Time is thought, in Time Prana (life-breath), in Time name [as that which does not leave man at death] is concentrated. All creatures here rejoice in Time when it arrives. "

" In Time is the sacred ardour [tapas], in Time the Supreme, in Time the Divine knowledge (Brahman) is comprehended. Time is the lord of all, he who was the father of the Lord of Creatures, Prajapati. "

" By him it was sent forth, by him it was born, on him it is founded truly Time,having become the divine knowledge (Brahman) , supports Him that is in the Highest. "

" Time created creatures, Time (created) the Lord of Creatures in the beginning; from Time the self-existent Kashyapa, from Time sacred ardour [tapas] was born. "



ATHARVA VED 19.54 :

" From Time originated the (cosmic) waters, from Time the Divine knowledge (Brahman), sacred ardour (tapas), the directions (of space); by Time the sun rises, in Time it goes to rest again. "

" By Time the wind blows purifying, by Time the great earth (exists), in Time the great sky is set. Time, (who was their) son, begot of old what has been and what is to be. "

" From Time the stanzas- (of the Rig Ved) originated, from Time the formula (of the Yajur Ved) was born. Time set in motion the sacrifice, (as) an inexhaustible portion for the Deities. "

" In Time the Gandharvas and Apsarases (are established), in Time the worlds are established. Upon Time this divine Angiras and Atharvan both stand. "

" Having conquered by the divine knowledge both this world and the supreme (heavenly) world, both the holy worlds and (their) holy separating divisions, (in short) all the worlds, this Time, the highest Deity, marches on. "